A press conference was held by the Union Civil Service Board, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of International Cooperation, and the Union Attorney General’s Office on their second one-year performance.
Union Civil Service Board
U Saw Valentine, a member of the UCSB, said they held entrance exams for 868 vacant government official positions across 20 ministries and government organisations. A total of 6,424 candidates took the examinations, and the UCSB then interviewed 984 from them and selected 751 for the positions.
The UCSB has interviewed and selected 1,180 candidates for the positions of assistant doctors and dentists for the Ministry of Health and Sports. UCSB helped with interviewing 2,664 candidates for gazetted officers for five classified ads, and 2,168 candidates for positions in four external organisations.
Civil Service Academies (CSA) was opened in each Central Institute of Civil Service across Myanmar by 2 January 2017.
The CSAs offer basic civil service courses, and Post Graduate Diploma in Civil Service Management (PGDPA). A total of 764 individuals graduated with PGDPA as part of the implementation of Public-Private Partnership (PPP). About 7,313 students attended ten different courses in Central Institute of Civil Service between April 2017 and March 2018.
The UCSB promoted 68 men and 30 women from Deputy Director to Director, 27 men and 8 women from Director to Deputy Director-General in ministries and government organisations during the second-year period.
The UCSB amended the Civil Service Law with 29 bylaws and four forms and released a combined statement (35/2017) on 9 June 2017. The UCSB is working under directions from the Office of the President to allow civil servants who have reached 60 to continue for one extended year of service. On 25 August 2017 a second bylaw was passed amending the Civil Service Law to allow staff members to fill in the position of another staff member preparing for pension during their pension processing period.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of International Cooperation
U Myint Thu, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) Permanent Secretary, was the spokesperson for both MOFA and the Ministry of International Cooperation (MOIC).
He said that there was notable progress in the first-year performance, but misunderstandings and pressure from the international community arose after the ARSA terrorist attacks on 9 October 2016 and 27 August 2017.
The Foreign Affairs Ministry has organised diplomatic missions and state visits between Myanmar and other countries which contributed to raising awareness of the democratic transition, peace and national reconciliation, and development progress in Myanmar.
Both MOFA and MOIC have participated in regional development programmes such as the ASEAN, BIMSTEC, Greater Mekong Cooperation Program, Irrawaddy-Chao Phraya-Mekong Economic Strategy, Mekong- Lancang Cooperation Program, Mekong-Japan Cooperation, Mekong-Korea Cooperation Plan, and the Lower Mekong Initiative.
At present, Myanmar has established diplomatic relations with 121 countries out of 193 countries. Currently there are 35 Myanmar embassies, 5 Myanmar Offices, 6 Consulates, and 13 Honorary Consulates across the globe, including newly established diplomatic relations with Malta, Ecuador, the Marshall Islands, Liberia, Guinea, Seychelles and the Holy See.
For the implementation of Dr. Kofi Annan’s Advisory Commission on Rakhine, MOFA has also cooperated and coordinated with the Implementation Advisory Committee, which was formed and headed by Dr. Surakiart Sathirathai.
The Foreign Ministry and Myanmar Embassies, Missions and Consulates are practicing the approach called “people-centred diplomacy”, which serves to protect the interests of Myanmar nationals and former Myanmar citizens living abroad. In order for Myanmar nationals to participate and assist in socio-economic developments, necessary help was given, including assistance to facilitate entry into the country. Visa requirements for social visits were relaxed to facilitate re-entry of former Myanmar citizens living abroad.
The embassies are conducting negotiations on cooperating with the corresponding host country regarding benefits of Myanmar’s migrant workers and for illegal migrants to get permission to work legally in the respective countries.
MOFA helped in negotiations with India to plant nine border posts in Kabaw Valley and will soon hold an India-Myanmar Joint Boundary Working Group.
A protocol was signed on 23 November 2017 in reference to the agreement in 1998 to demarcate land on the northern part of the Naf River. The appendix to the 2007 Myanmar-Bangladesh-Naf River Border Agreement was also signed on that date. There are also ongoing negotiations for demarcating the Myanmar-China boundary for the third time since the 1993-1994 ground control point survey.
Office of the Union Attorney-General
Office of the Union Attorney-General Daw Nu Nu Yin said the Office of the Union Attorney-General has been implementing its strategic plan 2015-2019 to further strengthen the polices related with the rule of law and to gain respect from the people.
The second one-year period saw 91 times than the previous year in scrutinizing bills, rules, procedures, orders and instructions.
The Legislative Vetting and Advising Department also takes the role of negotiator in discussing regional agreements to be signed by Myanmar. The office also mostly scrutinized 15 kinds of contracts related with businesses including mining and construction of road and bridge infrastructure. Besides, the department also has to advise issues related with taking actions against service personnel under the Civil Service Law, international contracts, departmental contracts and local and foreign companies, seeing over 790 times than the previous year.
The pacts scrutinized by the office includes Myanmar-EU bilateral investment boosting and protection agreement, Myanmar-Singapore investment boosting and protection agreement, the regional multi-economic development agreement, AEAN trade in services agreement and model ASEAN extradition treaty.
Office of the Attorney General and all levels of Law Offices represent the State in all criminal cases and civil cases in conviction and trial works where the State is the prosecutor. It participates in certiorari cases in Union Supreme Court, Constitutional Tribunal of Myanmar and Union Election Commission. The main works of Law Officers are to provide legal advice before prosecution, participating in cases, withdrawing cases, closing cases and representing the State in civil cases. Compared to the first one year period 3,167 more cases were handled in the second one year period.
As part of efforts for anti-malpractices, instructions, guidelines and complaint phone numbers, notices notices and advertisements were made public in law offices. Complaints against law officers were handled in accordance to public servant law and rules. More effective actions like reducing in rank, temporary suspension from work and permanently discharged from being a public servant were conducted increasingly in the second one year period.
Law translation commission led by Union Attorney General had translated 81 laws from English into Myanmar.
Assessment of application for advocate and commenting on violation of the code of ethic of advocate were conducted by 11 member team led by Union Attorney General as chairman and member fee for court advocate council were adjusted to be in accord with the time.
As the State is giving priority to rule of law, a group to coordinate the rule of law and justice works was formed with the consent of the State Counsellor. During the second one year period, three meetings of the group was held, sub-work groups were formed in each states and regions, rule of law and justice works congress held and strategy drawn up based on the outcome of the congress.
Code of ethic for law officers were drawn with the support of UNDP and assistance of local and international experts. During the second one year period, the code of ethic was published, workshops held to explain about it, instructions issued to comply with it and managed.
In the norm for fair administration of justice book, international norm and local case judgments were included. By studying and practicing as described in the book, law officers can effectively protect and assure the rights of the public in accordance to the law.
By Han Mhwae, Lin Naing
(Myanmar News Agency)