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August 10, 2020

Myanmar Sustainable Development Plan—MSDP

  • By Theint Thaw

Acronym MSDP stands out as “Myanmar Sustainable Development Plan” covering motley assortments of (250) plans with State priorities such as that of national reconciliation, that of better justice system, and that of reform on the state owned economic enterprises. In other words, it is a superior plan with a vision of sustainability and balanced development arrangement.
Since April 2016, all relevant ministries have had designed and implemented their sound planned projects and tasks during the two years period under the new NLD government.
However, it is yet to create a final master plan or strategic plan to coordinate and hooked up the ongoing projects and plans in the country.
Up till now, the union level ministries, the state and regional government departments are mainly putting up proposals for allocation of budgets without submitting development strategies for their states and regions.
Moreover, the projects and plans are not clearly considered and defined on the path of implementation whether it is solely by the government, whether it is under Government and Public Private Partnership (PPP) or whether it is mainly under the assistance of Development Partners.
Unfortunately, there is weakness regarding connection and linkage on the part of primary planning and on the part of identifying projects for practical implementation.
At the meeting on Development Effectiveness Roundtable (DER) held in Nay Pyi Taw on 26 February 2018, Planning and Finance Deputy Minister U Set Aung spelled out that the MSDP is in the pipeline which will be effective and instrumental for coordination of various the projects
Fundamental concept and framework of MSDP
The MSDP embraces the theme such as that of all inclusiveness of relevant parties and stakeholders, that of pragmatic economic development, and that of logical and necessary policies. Moreover, the MSDP encompasses on the sustainability, the correct policy guideline of Myanmar in dealing with global and regional bodies, and the strategic national policy for development of the country.
The essence and core of MSDP is to remain in line with the well known Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the ASEAN Economic Community, and the Greater Mekong Sub-region Economic Cooperation (GMS EC).
Goals of MSDP are as follows.
• Three Pillars
• Five Goals
• Twenty Nine Strategies
• Two Hundred Fifty Action Plans
The comprehensive framework of MSDP has three pillars as follows.
• Peace and Stability
• Prosperity and Partnership
• People and Planet
Goal one defines as follows.
• Peace, National Reconciliation, Security and Good Governance
Goal two defines as follows.
• Economic Stability, Strengthened Macroeconomic Management
Goal three defines as follows.
• Job Creation, Private Sector Led Growth
Goal four defines as follows.
• Human Resources and Social Development for a 21st Century Society
Goal five defines as follows.
• Natural Resources and the Environment for National Prosperity
Therefore, the MSDP is on the same track with the SDGs, while it synchronizes the plans and projects drawn by relevant ministries.
The MSDP emerges as an important instrument; and that each and every goal under the strategic master plan must be fully successful in its implementation. The involvement and commitment of development partners and the international organizations as well as the private sectors are very much essential and vital in the implementation of development tasks in Myanmar. The implementation work is to be shouldered and shared by government, parliament, private sector, international development partners, an all stakeholders.

State and Public Investment Program-PIP
When the MSDP is being approved and adopted, the projects under the PIP would be unfolded to the public.
Firstly, the projects of the country depend on the financial resources, and that it is necessary to work out whether it is to be borne by government budget or public private partnership or under the Official Development Assistance (ODA).
Secondly, the implementation approach is to be considered either through the action plan or through the strategy.
Thirdly, criteria must be attached to the projects.
Each and every plan must be assessed and evaluated with first, second and third priority and then earmark with short term or long term implementation. When the project is to be implemented through the budgeting process, the ministry concern is to ensure yearly expenditure which is to be adjusted in accordance with the accounting and budget procedures.
The projects under the ODA assistance are to be discussed with the development partners and to submit to Development Assistance Coordination Unit (DACU).
It is much expected that we could win the trust and confidence of the investors when the action plans and the projects are systematically implemented by the relevant ministries with clear approach and transparent paradigms in line with the PIP so as to uplift the investment in the country.
Such practice of PIP is good for the basis of development plan and also fundamental for multi-year budgeting process. More development aids for the country are likely to flow in as the Development Assistance Policy (DAP) is already adopted.

Expected results
The MSDP is designed for better quality of life for the people by creating best opportunities in addition to solve and redress the existing difficulties of the citizens. The MSDP could be termed as a framework of sheltered umbrella for all the existing policies.
Since it stands out as a master plan, it will be instrumental link between the existing plans and the forthcoming future plans. The MSDP will have all the explanations spread out for the future proposal plans, the selection of plans, and the implementation approaches including the application of financial resources by the relevant ministries.
By shifting from an old usual stereotype manner to a new modern type of approach, the investors will have more confidence and faith. As a result, government and public ventures would be more dynamic, and more development assistance would be on the agenda. The other advantage would have a better window for budgeting and financial management.
The writer of this article would like to conclude that the Planning and Finance Ministry has credibly accepted that the strategies and the implementation programs mentioned in the MSDP as the fruits of economic advantages and reality culminated from the emerging democratic system. It is hereby promises and pledges to the people of the country, that we are on our way working together to show with convincing evidences in the implementation of the goals mentioned the MSDP.

Translated by UMT of Ahlon


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