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September 17, 2019

History students visit ancient Pyu Cities

DMHC students observe Pyu ancient cities. Photo: Supplied

Sixty-eight students of Diploma in Myanmar History and Culture 3rd Batch led by Dr Myint Thein, Deputy Director-General (Retired) from the Department of Historical Research and Head Professor Dr Daw Margret Wan of the University of Yangon and 8 faculty members visited Pyu Ancient Cities of Beikthano in Taungdwingyi and Sri Ksetra in Pyay between 4 and 6 August.
Initially, the excursion team left Yangon on 4 August and arrived at Taungdwingyi where they observed Beikthano Archaeological Museum, Pyu graveyard and Pyu ancient city on 5 August. The next day, the excursion team proceeded to Sri Kestra where they visited the pagodas, the ancient cities under excavation, Sri Kestra museum (Hmawza) and Pyu graveyard.
According to the researchers from both England and Myanmar, the three Pyu ancient cities are much more magnificent than expected, said an official from the government. But the unearthed ancient heritages are difficult to maintain and research according to an official of Department of Archaeology. The three ancient Pyu cities, Hanlin, Beikthano and Sri Kestra were put into World Heritage List in 2014 by UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
The aforementioned ancient Pyu cities are said to have emerged in 2nd BC, and they were inhabited by the Pyus in 8th century AD. As the three ancient cities are now on the list of the World Cultural Heritage, archaeologists from around the world are now fascinated with these archaeological sites.
According to the latest reports on the excavation of Pyu cities, the water supply system and defence system are found to be advanced and significant.
The ancient coins and bones excavated from under the graveyard, Pyu-style jewelries, Buddha images and 21 goal leaves in which the teachings of Buddha are inscribed are invaluable cultural heritage, which Myanmar people can be proud of, said an officer from the Department of Archaeology.

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