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May 25, 2020

Children are the future of the country

Child labour risks are rising around the world, especially in countries that are geographically closed, experiencing civil war and having closed economies. According to figures compiled by UNICEF last year, child labourers number 85 million, accounting for some 10.5 percent of the world’s children.
The International Labour Organization has estimated that the number of children working in harsh and dangerous job conditions has declined by half since 2000 as more countries have adopted legislation outlawing child labour. However, poverty, war and human trafficking are detrimental to this effort.
The 2014 Child Labour Index published by Maplecroft, a global risk consulting firm, concluded that there are two major trends responsible for governments failing to tackle the worst forms of child labour: insecurity created through poverty and war, and economies where child labour is a product of state-sponsored programmes.
When families cannot afford to feed themselves or their children, children are forced into serving as labourers at teashops or vending on street corners to make enough to feed themselves. Such conditions can damage the mental or physical development of these children.
However, the Ministry of Labour has pledged to start implementing the ban on child labour by December 2014 after Hluttaw passed International Labour Organization Convention 182 into law regarding the Worst Forms of Child Labour. Hopefully, this effort will lead to the abolishment of child labour in Myanmar, which is abhorrent.
Developing countries like Myanmar should make more efforts to prevent children from being taken out of school. Such a practice is a serious problem for the future of the country.
It is globally accepted that the middle class performs a crucial role in the development of a country, while the upper class focuses on working or investing abroad after they have completed their education at prominent universities. Therefore, measures should be taken seriously to fulfill the middle class role by helping the livelihoods of grassroots families.

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