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December 11, 2019

Academic Research is Crucial for National Development

The Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary in Sagaing Region has been declared as the newest ASEAN Heritage Park. Researchers   survey the habits of endangered tigers in the areas of Nanphilin and Nanyanyin of Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary. PHOTO: NYITOO
The Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary in Sagaing Region has been declared as the newest ASEAN Heritage Park. Researchers survey the habits of endangered tigers in the areas of Nanphilin and Nanyanyin of Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary. PHOTO: NYITOO

The 19th Research Paper Reading Session of Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science was held on 3 October 2019. Out of 1,044 research papers, the University of Yangon contributed 188 papers with the highest number at the event. Under the category of subjects, 197 papers were concerned with physics, 175 with Myanmar language and 166 with chemistry, however, one with tourism, two with information and technology, 19 with economics and nine with marine science.
As Myanmar is a developing country, it is suggested that the Research and Development (R&D) works at universities and colleges need to emphasize first priority areas and applied research which are directly related with the development of the country.
Only then, the country would enjoy a ‘win-win’ situation in which teachers and post-graduate students of master and doctorate degrees produce their research papers which are very useful for the development of the country.
Example 1: Electricity supply in Myanmar is very low, compared with neighbouring countries. The Ministry of Electricity and energy, private sectors and academic institutions of electrical engineering, physics, mathematics, geology, forestry, agriculture, computer science, economy and social science should find ways to produce more electricity from hydro-power, coal-fired power, diesel, wind power, solar power and nuclear power.
In addition, experts from various subjects need to do research to be able to generate more electricity in appropriate areas after studying how the neighbouring countries established coal-fired power stations with the fewest impacts on health.
Example 2: Education and training programmes for drug-addicted students and children are helpful for the country. For total eradication of narcotic drugs, these programmes should be implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, civil service personnel from Basic Education Department and Higher Education Department of the Ministry of Education, private sector, and academic departments of universities such as economy, psychology, chemistry, philosophy, criminal medicine and pharmaceutical departments.
Example 3: Droughts, floods, global warming and cooling effects are occurring in the world due to climate change conditions. Relevant ministries, private sectors and academic departments of universities such as forestry, environmental conservation, agriculture, geology, climatic studies, physics, mathematics, social science and education need to carry out research to alleviate such natural disasters.
The National Education Commission is doing research to balance the ratio of university graduates and employments. University ranking to rate global universities is bases on comparison of their teaching, research, publications and employments.
Therefore, it is recommended that Myanmar universities should work together in research to be able to stand as prestigious academic institutions. (Translated by Aung Khin)

Rank Name
Country/Region
No. of FTE Students No. of students per staff International Students Female:Male Ratio
1 University of Oxford United Kingdom 20,664 11.2 41% 46 : 54
2 California Institute of Technology United States 2,240 6.4 30% 34 : 66
3 University of Cambridge United Kingdom 18,978 10.9 37% 47 : 53
4 Stanford University United States Explore 16,135 7.3 23% 43 : 57
5 Massachusetts Institute of Technology United States 11,247 8.6 34% 39 : 61
6 Princeton University United States 7,983 8.1 25% 45 : 55
7 Harvard University United States 20,823 9.2 24% 49 : 51
8 Yale University United States 12,402 5.4 20% 50 : 50
9 University of Chicago United States Explore 13,833 5.7 28% 46 : 54
10 Imperial College London United Kingdom 16,760 11.7 56% 38 : 62
Rank University Location
1 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) United States
2 Stanford University United States
3 Harvard University United States
4 University of Oxford United Kingdom
5 California University of Technology (Caltech) United States
6 ETH Zurich-Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Switzerland
7 University of Cambridge United Kingdom
8 University of College London, UCL United Kingdom
9 Imperial College London United Kingdom
10 University of Chicago United States

 

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