The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation has been making its effort for the development of the production of various foods which are health-risk-proof and nutritious, agricultural produce and livestock breeding products, by applying modernized and sustainable production techniques, package systems and marketing strategies, with a view to supplying demands from home and abroad, it is learnt.
The agriculture is a reliable source of food for people. Taking lessons from advantages and disadvantages encountered by previous regimes, the incumbent government is emphatically carrying out projects and plans that will be beneficial in the long run, for people. It is believed that those will work well in future, though those projects and plans do not yet show good potential at present.
70% of the populace in the country are living in rural areas, eking out their living on farming. Farmers in the agro-based rural areas are suffering losses due to droughts and floods. 30% or so, of gross domestic product (GDP), has been received from the agricultural sector, it has been found out that benefits for them are very small and their socio-economic status is very low.
The Ministry has performed the task of drawing a new policy on the agricultural sector, one of those to be reformed during one-year-period, it is learnt.
Efforts for enjoying benefits
There include in the new policy, such tasks as—making agriculture, livestock breeding and production broaden, making incomes of small-scale farmers improve, producing foods that are health-risk proof and nutritious for people, exporting agricultural produce more than ever, by linking with international markets, developing socio-economic lives of rural populace and long-lasting survival of the development.
Its expectations are to make the emergence of agricultural production system that can compete with international countries and to lift up the socio-economic lives of rural people and to develop the country’s economy, as much as possible.
It is learnt that tasks to be performed will be implemented in the tenure of the new government, by designating 9 goals, with 11 aims laid down not to lose sight of the goals and 10 policies to keep surveillance of the aims.
Drawing “the bill on amendment of the land law,” 2012, drawing “the bill on the amendment of the management law on vacant and virgin land,” 2012, having sent “the bill on the amendment of the land law” to the Office of Union Attorney-General for the second time for scrutiny, having submitted “the bill on the amendment of the management law on vacant and virgin land” to the President’s Office, having issued form 7 to 53941 farmers, 109572 land owners and form 7 for 241758 acreage of land have already been carried out, that is, 91.95% of total target.
Surveying land for accuracy of data on land, purchases of modernized land surveying equipments to give more accurate digital maps were carried out and a total of 7229 fields were managed to be surveyed in the fiscal year 2016-2017.
Trainings had been conducted for officials and staff taking responsibilities of surveying land to assess revenue to be well convinced of laws, rules, regulations, orders and instructions.
For various reasons, soil quality of farming land in some areas had been found to have deteriorated day after day. Experts note that loss of soil quality across the world including Myanmar is mainly attributed to floods and erosions. In some areas, there was water shortage for growing crops.
A total of 4196 irrigation channels had been implemented for getting water in farming to solve the problems. So, it had been arranged to irrigate about 11, 00000 acres of farming land, about 12.34000 acres of monsoon paddy, nearly 9.50000 acres of summer paddy and 400000 or so acres of other crops as a result of above-said 4196 irrigation channels. Accomplishment of preparedness against natural disasters resulted in the protection of 26, 00000 acres of farming lands and dwelling places from being flooded.
Mone-Chaung, Man-Chaung and Kyee-Ohn Kyee-Wa reservoirs in Magway Region were damaged by floods in 2015. But management to repair damaged parts of their sluice gates led to successful irrigation to farming lands.
ODA Loan From Japan
Irrigating systems of North Nawin Dam, South Nawin Dam, We-Gyi Dam and Taung-Nyo Dam are being upgraded with the ODA loan from Japan, having managed to irrigate about 97160 acres.
Water-Pumping Projects—Ayartaw 2, Myit-Pauk in Sagaing Region and Tat-Ywa water pumping project were upgraded by changing from use of diesel oil to the use of electric power. And, Hti-taw-moe in Mandalay Region, Nome-Poh and Sinphyu-Okseik in Magwe Region and Dhamma-tha water pumping projects could be implemented.
In 11 Regions and States, 1069 artesian wells for growing water and 139 artesian wells for drinking water had been sunk. At the village of Anauk-Palin, Nyaung-U township in Mandalay Region, distribution of water for growing was carried out as a pilot project, by using Drip Irrigation System from 8-inch-tube artesian well.
Due to climate changes, Regions and States saw much ruin of crops. At those places, pedigreed seeds are being sold to farmers by agricultural department for high-yields of crops. There were, according to statistic, 15. 24 million acres of growing land, over 15 million acres of harvested land, 73. 32 baskets yield per acre, and total produce of 1099 million baskets. And, out of 1.89 million acres for summer paddy, 26369 acres had been harvested. There amounted to 1.96 million baskets at 74.9 baskets per acre.
Discovery from Research
According to research, 2 new types of paddy (flood-proof 3 & 90 days), new type of wheat (Yesin wheet—11) and new type of mung bean (Yesin Mung bean7) were discovered. It is learnt that discoveries were reported to committee for seed qualification.
Seed-producer associations were formed, comprising of 308 farmers from 206 townships, launching to create 10561 acres of producing seeds. Agricultural Institute of Falam in Chin State was opened, teaching 176 students, it is learnt.
3 discussions were held for Geographical Indication of Shwebo-Pawsan), forming a committee for intellectual property rights. Research works are being carried out under the 19 projects in cooperation with international organizations. It managed to grow 334.22 acres of paddy, 79.81 acres of corn and maize, 236 acres of oil crops and 256.64 acres of variety of beans.
16 Ph.D degree holders, 30 M.Agr.Sc, 20 B.Agr.Sc, 14 PGD and 49 junior researchers were managed to have graduated from universities of home and abroad. They have been sent to foreign workshops, whereas 16 workshops had been held in the country. 427 comprising of staff, farmers and company personnel were given training on seed production.
Most of the people are suffering from diseases due to consumption of unhygienic foods. Only if systematic management of the chains from growing level to selling level, will consumers be able to get crops that can guarantee.
For farmers, GAPs are being delivered through training and educative talks, leaflets are also being given out as a campaign of sharing knowledge.
In implementing GAP, growing 30 kinds of crops in accord with GAP, giving training to farmers for spreading knowledge, arrangement for farmers themselves to come to study were carried out.
The department of agriculture has been arranging to issue GAP certificates, besides mangoes, 14 other kinds of crops.
100 villages from 9 regions and states were selected as pilot ideal villages. According to Rural Development of Korea, a project of new village movement, “Myanmar Saemaul-Undong” with the US $ 22 million subsidy from KOICA for 5 years is being implemented. At the same time, for farmers across the nation to be answered about problems encountered in growing crops, Call Center was opened at Occice No. 43, agricultural department, as of 1/ 3/ 2017.
Right to purchase as desired
Strategies are being laid down to transform from manual farming to mechanized farming. To do so, modernized machinery used in agricultural works can purchase just paying 10% of the value with no need to invest a lot through a bank loan system. The buyer is to pay 16% of the value every 6 months, for six times, thus paying all for 7 times within 3 years. This can remove the problem of labour shortage, helping farmers to help agriculturally used machineries. 182 tractors were distributed to farmers in the financial year 2016-2017. Department of Mechanized Agriculture has been producing and installing Myanmar’s environment-friendly groove mowers for farmers.
Groups of tractors had created embankment dykes for 10200 acres out of flooded fields in Kalay township and made ground level smooth and flat.
4042 acres of mud-covered growing land in 7 villages of Kalay township and 3855 acres in 2016 were also done. Early this year, 2817 acres of winter crops, sunflower, groundnut and other crops were successfully grown.
Rental system of machines
In the financial year 2016-2017, 885000 acres of ploughing, 42000 acres of harvesting, 7000 acres of planting—934000 acres in total were done through rental system by the Department of Mechanized Agriculture.
Good Animal Husbandry Practices—GAHP were drawn depending upon international and ASEAN Practices. 4 townships from Kyaukse districts, 3 from Meiktila district and one from Myingyan district—8 in all were selected to collect head of animal as pilot areas.
Conserving natural resources in freshwater and salty water is being cooperated linking with SEAFDEC, FFI & FAO, and it was recorded that 69 Ayeyawady Dolphins were found. And, certificate for acknowledgement of conserving sea turtles (Site Network Certificate) was received.
A total of 2129 sources of water such as deep well, shallow well, hand-dug well, ground lake, irrigation from springs were implemented. 141465 houses for 2707 villages were targeted to be built. With interest gained from Emerald Village Project, works for development of villages at 2107 villages were made in the financial year 2016-2017, with 8756 villages across the nation. It covers 12.28% of the whole country. It is learnt that there were K 215340 million as the granted subsidy, K 33910 million as interest and 5821000 people it serves.
With the World Bank’s aids and loan amounting to US $ 480 million, it initially targeted to develop 63 townships, with 27 in the past and 20 townships in the incumbent government’s tenure—47 in all, development works under way. 335 New Co-operative Societies were set up. A total of 5345 acres of cooperative society members from 117 cooperative societies were implemented.
20 Service-providing cooperatives, 29 branches of service-providing cooperatives, 20 combine harvester, 107 tractors and other helpful services were created in one-year-period when the incumbent government took office.
1816 registration of small-sized industries and 1586 laboratory tests were carried out. Loans were disbursed out to farmers, at K 150000 per acre of paddy and at K 50000 per acre of other crops.
Hope for the benefit of People
Presently, there are 25 promulgated laws, with 16 for amendment underway. It usually takes time, as a law is drawn up, after careful scrutiny in every way, in the interest of the people.
It is necessary to make people know promulgated laws well, to abide by them and to have awareness. It is learnt that the Ministry will perform the tasks of sharing knowledge of existing laws.
For the abundance of food for the consumption of people from home and abroad, the ministry is making surveillances of farmers, providing supports of techniques, machineries, and monetary aids. As for farmers as well, if they work in harmony with these supports, the agricultural sector will be renewed in near future.