Yin Nwe Ko (Linn)
The period of monsoon has already come to an end. All of us have already known there were many flooded areas in Myanmar during monsoon. We have also known although there were huge water bodies there, they made a great threat on the lives of plants and animals. Under such water bodies, many plants were drown and dead and so were some other animals which did not have enough time to avoid the rising water lever. In spite of being abundant of the volume of water, animals including man could not use to drink as it was impure.
Again in summer, there is scanty of water in some parts of Myanmar. We learn again that people in dry region run out of water. As there is a saying ‘The life of water is just one morning’, water is essential and precious for those who live in such regions where water is scanty. One cannot even think whether a cup of water he or she gets is pure or not. It is a must to drink such water because one has no choice.
Purity of water is an important challenge for mankind. To have purity of water, it is essential for water not to be polluted. For years, the technicians have indicated that the water bodies that man can obtain gets more and more impure day after day in the age of IT. This article is to emphasize focusing some ways to prevent water we would get not to be polluted as much as we can manage.
Water pollution is due to the presence of harmful substances or pollutants in water bodies. It happens when untreated wastes and pollutants are discharged into water bodies. As a result, the water of sea, rivers, lakes, ponds, reservoir, and ground water get polluted. The major sources of water pollution include untreated industrial wastes domestic dumps and garbage, thermal power stations, agricultural pesticides and insecticides, etc.
The water pollutants are released both directly and indirectly. Though, human acts are mostly responsible for water pollution, sometimes water may get polluted for various reasons beyond human control such as volcanic eruptions, soil erosion, natural mixing of mineral oils at sea, etc. Water pollution may disrupt human life of a great extent. It is highly important to take steps forward to prevent water pollution. There are several ways to do it as follows.
a. The household water should be treated properly so that they become environmentally safe. Acceptable care should be taken to ensure that effective sewage treatment process is in place and that contaminated water does not get mixed with the environment in order to prevent water pollution. Human and animal excreta should be prevented from mixing with its sources. Construction of pit toilet and proper sewage treatments can offer some solution to this problem.
b. The flowing water of the river cannot be cleaned easily by natural process. Since, a large number of external substances are discharged into the water, the river water becomes polluted. This may cause diseases to the people using river water. Thus, every effort should be made to prevent the river water to get contaminated. People should not be let to throw wastes into the river.
c. Factories are expected to treat its effluent wastes prior to discharge. Toxic material must be treated chemically and converted into harmless materials. If possible, factories should try to recycle the treated water.
d. Laws and legislation relating to pollution should be strictly followed by all. People should be made aware that adherence to water laws are in their own interest.
e. In cities, a huge amount of water is put into drains every day. The water that flows through the city drainage system should be properly treated. Harmful pollutants should be removed, before they are introduced into reservoirs. If this water allowed going into water reservoirs without treatment, it will pollute them.
f. Big cities and towns usually have effluent treatment plants. These plants filter out undissolved materials. Chemical treatment is also given to separate out unwanted dissolved chemicals. The treated water is either allowed to go into the water reservoirs or reused in houses. Occasionally, the treated water is used for farming if the fields to be irrigated lie in the vicinity of the water treatment plants.
g. Washing, bathing of cattle in the pond that is used by human should not be done. Washing of dirty clothes and bathing of cattle make the pond water dirty and unsuitable for human use. If these ponds are continually misuses, then it may lead of severe consequences.
h. Ponds, lakes and wells meant for human use should be routinely cleaned and treated, so that it remains fit for human use. It is an essential step that should not be avoided. A system of regular testing of pond and lake water can be introduced to ensure the safety of water.
i. Never pour household insecticides, medicines, etc. down the sink, drain or toilet. At homes, people often throw wastes and old medicines into the bathroom toilet. This practice is discouraged for the reason that the chemical compounds of medicines, insecticides, etc., when mixed with other chemicals, may result in formation of harmful substances.
j. Self hygiene must be maintained and drinking water must not be polluted. Drinking water should be kept under cover in a clean place. One should not put his hands into the drinking water containers. Also, the practice of cleaning the drinking water reservoirs on a regular basis need to be strictly followed. The water meant for drinking should be purified prior to use. In the absence of good water purifier, it is recommended to drink boiled water. This is also important to prevent water borne diseases.
k. Sanitation system must be improved. The benefits of cleanliness on human health need to be understood. Human contact with hazardous materials should be prevented. After using the toilet, one should always use flush and wash their hands with soap and water.
l. Common public should be aware about the effect of water pollution. Voluntary organization should go door-to-door to educate the people about environmental problems. They should perform street plays for creating awareness about the environment. They should run environmental education centers. Students can impart health education to enable people to prevent water pollution.
As most of the ways mentioned above depends upon the human’s acts, our readers will have taken notice that the practice by which man understands to have purity of water and obeys the ways not to be polluted it is the important role. It is sure man is the one who plucks the advantage of nature most. However, it is necessary that man should not be the one who would destroy the nature.