August 19, 2016

Use energy-efficient appliances to save energy and money

ES_ApplianceEnergyUse_graph_v02ENERGY management is important for making the best use of it – reducing consumption while making sure there is enough to satisfy all the needs of the country, said an official from the Ministry of Industry.
“The onus is on all of us to save energy as everyone uses energy every day for various purposes,” Daw Naing Naing Lin, director of the energy saving department of the ministry.
Myanmar has adopted an energy saving goal to reduce energy consumption by 12 per cent by 2020, 16 per cent by 2025 and 20 per cent by 2030.
The goal is aimed at promoting energy efficiency and energy conservation, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emission and contributing towards environmental conservation.
On energy management, the official said that ways and means for effective utilisation of energy are needed as just turning off the lights is not the best way to save energy.
Myanmar formed its National Energy Management Committee in January 2013 to promote energy efficiency through the implementation of short and long term plans.
An energy saving department was also formed under the Ministry of Industry to boost the implementation process for meeting the target of reducing energy consumption annually in the country.
The department plans to explore effective uses of energy, utilisation of renewable energy resources and alternative electricity usage to reduce energy consumption, power waste andhouseold monthly electric bills.
The department also called for the use of energy-saving electrical appliances that have energy labels and stats on them and renewable energy resources such as wind, solar, hydro and other sources for sustainable energy development in the country.
According to the department technology, experts and legal measures are weak in Myanmar to develop energy efficiency.
Four sectors — industrial, residential, commercial and public building — are categorised in the implementation of ensuring the saving of energy, said the department.
As Myanmar lacks energy auditors and energy managers, we need to learn from experts through training courses, said Daw Naing Naing Lin.
Among ASEAN countries, Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia are the only three countries that have no rules and regulations on energy efficiency and energy conservation, she added.
She emphasised the importance of setting energy efficiency ratios and minimum energy performance on electrical appliances in accordance with the law, stressing the need to reduce tax on energy-efficient appliances and to increase tax on appliances that have high energy consumption.
According to the department, the Ministry of Industry is conducting training courses on energy efficiency in Yangon and Mandalay in cooperation with United Nations Industrial Development Organisation.
Plans are underway to heighten energy efficiency awareness among the public in regions and states.
The director called for a switch from using tungsten light bulbs that have 40W to 60W to 13W CFL bulb or 8W LED bulbs to reduce energy consumption, lower household electricity bills and reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
According to the department, the ministry is implementing energy efficiency programmes in cooperation with international organisations — the Asian Development Bank, ASEAN Centre for Energy, Energy Conservation Centre-Japan and the United Nations Industrial Development Organisation.
Thanks to the country’s efforts in achieving energy efficiency, Kanbawza Bank won the ASEAN energy award in 2002, Popa Mountain Resort Woodland Hotel in 2005, Rural Electrification with Rice Husk Gasifier (Linn Tha) in 2006, Mingalar Garden Resort (Pyay) in 2007, the Bay of Bengal Resort (Ngwehsaung) in 2008, the Shwe Inn Tha Floating Resort (Inle), Belle Resort (Chaungtha) and Mamya Dam in 2009, multi-purpose biomass gasifier (KaungKyawSae Co., Ltd), solar lighting and solar water pumping project at Auk PyunWa village (FMI) in 2010, Community-based biogas electrification project (Ministry of Science and Technology), Fame Pharmaceutical Industry, No (8) Spinning Factory (Pyawbwe)of the Ministry of Industry and the Bamboo High School/Storm Shelter at AkareChaungWa village in Ayeyawady Delta in 2013.


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