December 13, 2017

The 68th Tipitaka Exam of 2016 to be grandly held starting from 27th December 2015

It is known that Myanmar has been a predominantly Threavada Buddhist nation in the world for nearly one thousand years, and about ninety per cent of nation’s population has taken faith in Threavada Buddhism since then. Furthermore, Myanmar has been recognized as a permanent higher learning centre of genuine Theravada Buddhism not only in the Buddhist world but also throughout the world. According to historical records of Buddhism, the Fifth and the Sixth Great Buddhist Councils (Synods) were successfully convened in Myanmar with a view to purification, perpetuation and propagation of Buddha Sasana (Buddha’s teachings) all over the world. The Sixth Great Buddhist Council, which was attended and participated by Maha Theros from Five Theravada Buddhist Nations: Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Sri Lanka and Myanmar, was successfully held in Myanmar in 1954.
In order to carefully preserve genuine Theravada Buddhism, a great number of Buddhist Monastic Institutions and learning Centres of Buddhist Scriptures have been established in our country for years. For the time being, the two Pariyatti Sasana Universities, one in Yangon and the other in Mandalay have been so far established to promote and propagate the Theravada Buddhism throughout the world. At present, Buddhist monk students are attending these two universities, and if they have got through the prescribed examinations held by these Universities, they will be conferred Takkasila Dhammacariya Degree (Bachelor of Arts) in Buddhism and Takkasila Maha Dhammacariya Degree (Master of Arts) in Buddhism respectively. And now, the International Theravada Buddhist Missionary University, the very first one  in the Buddhist world, has already been established in order to propagate and promote genuine Theravada Buddhism throughout the world, and to share the knowledge of Buddhism both in theory and practice with the people of the world to promote their happiness and moral well-being.
According to the Pariyatti (learning canonical Texts) Education System of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, there are seven kinds of religious examinations including the Sacred Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida Selection Examination yearly held by the Ministry of religious Affairs. The seven kinds of Religious examinations are as follows:
(1)    Tipitakadhara Tipitaka kovida Selection Examination
(2)    Dhammacariya Examination
(3)    Pathamagyi Examination
(4)    Pathamalat Examination
(5)    Pathamange Examination
(6)    Abdhimma/Visuddhimagga Examination (only for Laymen and Nuns)
(7)    Five Nikaya Examination
Out of these seven kinds of religious examinations, the Sacred Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida Selection Examination has been separately held by the Ministry of Religious Affairs since sixty five years ago. Buddhist monk candidates who wish to appear for this Scared Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida Selection Examination must have passed at least the Pathamagyi Examination. In fact, the Sacred Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida Selection Examination is quite different from other religious examinations because the candidates have to take 33 days to sit for this examination. They have to take both oral examination consisting Pali Texts, 8026 pages of Tipitaka canons and the written examination consisting of Pali Texts Athakatha (Commentaries) and Tika (Sub-Commentaries) of 9934 pages of Tipitaka canons respectively. Only the candidates who have got through both oral and written examinations will be presented the Title of Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida (the Title of religious Heroes). Up to now, only thirteen outstanding members of Sangha (Bhikkhus) (Religious Heroes) were presented the Title of Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida within over 67 years’ duration of the Sacred Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida Selection Examination.
It is learnt that many more and more members of Sangha throughout the country have appeared for the Sacred Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida Selection Examination from year to year. However, most of them were not successful. In fact, the Sacred Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida Selection Examination is the most difficult of the religious examinations which are yearly held in Myanmar. Such Sacred Tipitakadhara Tipitakakovida Selection Examination can be held only in Myanmar which has carefully preserved the genuine Theravada Buddhism for nearly one thousand years. It is learnt that such examination cannot be held in other Theravada Buddhist nations.
Members of Sangha, multifarious Buddhist people and the government of Myanmar, hand in hand, are striving to propagate and promote the genuine Theravada Buddhism not only in homeland but also abroad. We all Buddhists know that the Sasana is of the three kinds, viz (1) Pariyatti Sasana (Learning the Buddha’s teachings), (2) Patipatti Sasana (Practical application of the Buddha’s teachings) and (3) Pativedha Sasana (Realization of the Buddha’s teachings). Out of them, the pariyatti Sasana is the most important one which mainly leads to the purification, perpetuation and propagation of the Buddha Sasana (the noble teachings of the Buddha).

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