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June 25, 2019

Sustainable strategy vital to ecotourism development

Myanmar possesses diverse forests and green zones inhabited by a wide variety of flora and fauna, providing an ideal setting for nature-oriented ecotourism.
However, the ecotourism sector can only flourish once proper infrastructure is developed. Ecotourism focused on Myanmar’s forest resources can play a key role in improving the socio-economic life of the people, but it is important that the sector is developed in a way that preserves these important resources.
The quantity and quality of Myanmar’s forest coverage has declined significantly over the past 30 years. It is therefore vitally important that more protected areas are developed.
Improper land use, illegal hunting, introduction to invasive species, infrastructure development and climate change are the main threats to the country’s biodiversity and must be tackled.
The country presently has several different categories of protected areas and each serves a specific function according to legislation and operating objectives.
In neighbouring countries, convenient transportation, electricity supply and other facilities are set up together with the development of ecotourism sites.
Poverty and increased consumption spurred by economic growth pose challenges to the ecotourism sector, as does increasing demand on natural resources from neighbouring countries.
Livelihoods of local people should not be neglected in the push to promote the ecotourism sector and conserve biodiversity. If they are able to gain income without damaging natural resources, the country can sustainably grow the revenue from this sector.

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