WITH the assistance of World Bank (WB) loans, the Ayeyawady and Chindwin Rivers will see the repair of jetties, improvement of water transportation and works to prevent erosion along the rivers, as the rivers have significant commercial use.
The ministry has signed an agreement with the WB to carry out maintenance of the segment of the Ayeyawady between Mandalay and Nyaung U. The project will be conducted at a cost of Ks44.9bn (US$38m) worth of loans.
“The Department of Water Resources and Improvement of River Systems is putting more effort to implement the projects as quickly as possible,” said U Aung Ye Tun, the ministry’s assistant secretary.
14 major jetties line the Ayeyawady River, with two major commercial trading ports along Chindwin River. Over 400 jetties have been established along both rivers.
According to the Ministry of Transport and Communications, the commodity flow has decreased yearly, as the waterways of both rivers are unstable. Vessels normally face transportation problems as water levels vary depending on the season.
According to a survey conducted in the 1992-1993 FY, 33m people use both rivers for transport. The number has decreased to 11 million in 2015-2016 FY. The commodity flow and trading volume along the rivers have declined from 2.6m tonnes in 1992-1993 to 1.38m tonnes last FY.
The Ayeyawady, the
country’s largest river, is 1,394 kms long between Yangon and Bamo and the Chindwin river is over 700 kms long.
Thein Ko Lwin