August 19, 2016

Right to Education

Dr.Khine Khine Win

Education is not only a fundamental human right but also a gate way to success. It creates an enlightened society. Strong parallels can be drawn between the right to education and the development of respect for human dignity.   Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) article 26 states “Everyone has the right to education”. Indeed International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) recognize the right of everyone to education. If you look through international instruments on human rights, you can see that the right to education and human rights education permeate in variety of instruments. In fact, the right to education has been strongly affirmed in international law, most importantly in the Convention against Discrimination in Education (1960) and the World Education Forum (2000) reaffirmed education as a fundamental human right.
According to article 26(2) of UDHR, the education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.  If Children and youth are in school, trafficking, abuse, child marriage, sexual exploitation and forced labor risk will be low and if they are away from school they are dangerous in many ways, very simply thinking. The more illiterate people there are, the bigger hindrance in development and democratic practice. Higher literacy means more knowledgeable and skilled people in a country which is normally termed as human capital. Literacy enables a person to understand better, so they enjoy a better socio economic life and assist in the nation’s overall development.
In accordance with general international human rights, there can be no discrimination in the provision of education. It is deemed as important for girls and boys. There are many factors implicit in a discussion of the accessibility of education including geography, cost, language and poverty also. The government must ensure that the right to education will be exercised without discrimination of any kind as to race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. This is the very core principle for government for education of their children. There must be education for all without discrimination. Neither the right to education nor the right to human rights education is restricted in application to children.
All children and young people need and deserve quality education. To achieve this, the governments make to ensure that there are sufficient teachers who have the knowledge, skills and attitude to provide this, and that they have the capacity and resources to respond to learners’ different needs. UNESCO marks the Global Action Week for Education, GAWE (24-30 April 2016).  It is a worldwide annual event with an aim to raising awareness of the importance of education for all and this event takes education financing as its theme under the banner funding the future.  What I would like to highlight here is that financing plays the crucial role in education. Children in poor countries face many barriers to accessing an education. Some are obvious like not having a school to go to, while others are more subtle, like the teacher at the school not having had the training needed to effectively help children to learn. UNESCO says yet millions of children remain deprived of educational opportunities, many as a result of poverty. No matter what the reason, all children must be able to go to school, and they all have the right to get same opportunities to build a future. That’s our duty, our business for our children. Bear in mind that all children have the right to education.
In general, States are obliged to provide free education, at least at the elementary stages. Conformity with the UDHR article 26, not only requires free education but also compulsory education. A nation cannot be built without education. With education, professionals are nurtured that will enhance nation-building. In fact, education shapes the attitudes and behaviors and values of citizens and it is the best investment tool for socio-economic development too. If we want a well developed country with good citizens, give right the education to every children and young people without discrimination.


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