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August 09, 2018

The Negative impact of corruption on the enjoyment of human rights

Dr. Khine Khine Win

Corruption is a disease which cannot cure itself and looks like a man-made disasters affecting the entire world of ours. It is an enormous obstacle to the realization of all human rights — civil, political, economic, social and cultural, as well as the right to development. Corruption may weaken democratic institutions both in new and in long-established democracies. When corruption is prevalent, those in public positions fail to take decisions with the interests of country and its society.
In countries where corruption is pervasive in the government, corruption should
have detrimental effects on economic growth, stability in the long run.
It is witnessing that governments are trying to make progress in the fight against corruption in many ways. Many countries have made significant progress in curbing corruption; however practitioners are always on the lookout for solutions and evidence of impact.

Making an effort
Corruption is a form of dishonest or unethical conduct by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit. Corruption may include many activities including bribery and embezzlement, though it may also involve practices that are legal in many countries.

Corruption as a Hindrance to the development of the country
Corruption tends to be the main hindrance in the path of development and people are confronting it around the world.
Just a few people are well aware of the link between the corruption and human rights because all forms of corruption practices may in the long run have an impact on human right. It is of vital important to adopt some techniques and mechanisms so as to remove, eliminate and eradicate corruption from the society

Protection Corruption
In Myanmar, one of the main objectives of the Anti-Corruption Commission is to protect the State-owned property, humanity, rights and interest of the citizen due to the corruption. In this way, we can assume that we should find ways to address the destructive relationship between corruption and human rights which can mitigate its negative impacts.

Analysis
Although corruption does not include in the international laws, it is widely recognized that human rights violations occur mainly due to the practice of corruption.
According to the Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) results tables for 2014 by the Transparency International Organization, it showed that Venezuela was listed in the 19 index and perceived as the most corrupt country in Latin America and consequently the citizens of its country were suffered from it.

Markers of corruption
We can assess a country’s level of acceptance for human rights by looking at the level of corruption reported about it. We can also get a general idea of the country’s adherence to the rule of law and its administrative structure.
Corruption penetrates
Corruption is the biggest threat to all human rights. No matter who they are, all human beings have innate human rights and we should remember to respect each other’s rights as well. Thus, if one were to directly or indirectly support corruption in a system, one is also hindering other people’s rights. If one accepts or gives a bribe to steer towards a favoured decision than one is already denying the other party’s choice. The spread of corruption not only hinders human rights but it also defames the nation.
However, there is hope in combating corruption. We must spread awareness and educate people on the negative effects of corruption. We must put in place laws, rules and regulations, build compassion, and maintain our understanding of human rights to counter corruption. The principles of human rights we ought to follow are non-discrimination, mutual respect, honor, and equality. If we respect other people’s human rights then they will do so in turn and then we will be one step closer to abolishing corruption.

Reference
1. “Fighting against corruption”-U Han Nyunt (Law) from Myanma Alinn (1-12-2017)
2. Myanmar Anti-Corruption Commission and Law
3. The negative impact of corruption on the enjoyment of human rights. A/HRC/RES/23/9

Translated by Win Ko Ko Aung and Zaw Htet Oo

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