August 19, 2016

Nation Building and the Role of Youth

The author of this article has been sharing knowledge with the esteemed readers of the Global New Light of Myanmar on the theme “Nation Building” since a few months back.
In this article, the writer would like to share “Nation Building and the Role of Youth”.
The role of the youth towards the nation building is very much vital in the 21st century.
Grim fact of unemployment
Despite a mild recovery in the 2012 – 2014 periods, the youth unemployment rate remains well above its pre-crisis level. For millions of young people around the world finding a decent job is still a drawn-out uphill struggle.
According to the ILO’s Global Employment Trends (GET) for Youth 2015  report released last year, the global youth unemployment rate has stabilized at 13 per cent following a period of rapid increase between 2007 and 2010 but it is still well above the pre-crisis level of 11.7 per cent. The report highlights a drop in the number of unemployed youth to 73.3 million in 2014. That is 3.3 million less than the crisis peak of 76.6 million in 2009.
“It is encouraging to see an improvement in the youth employment trends compared to the GET for Youth 2013,” says Sara Elder, the report’s lead author.
“But we shouldn’t lose sight of the fact that recovery is not universal and that almost 43 per cent of the global youth labor force is still either unemployed or working yet living in poverty. It’s still not easy to be young and starting out in today’s labor market.”
Gloomy side of pandemic
More than thirty years into the HIV/AIDS pandemic, it remains one of the most serious challenges to global public health. Around the world, 5 million young people ages 15-24 are living with HIV.  Young people ages 15-24 represent 41 percent of all new HIV infections, and 890,000 acquire HIV each year – meaning that around the world, nearly 2500 young people acquire HIV every day. At least 95 percent of all new infections occur in less developed countries, with sub-Saharan Africa by far the hardest hit region.
Young women are more vulnerable to the HIV epidemic than are men. Unfortunately, young women comprise 60 percent of all young people with HIV.  In some regions, the populations most at risk include young injecting drug users, young commercial sex workers, and young men who have sex with men. Millions of young people are at risk for HIV.
The author of this article would like to share in a broader and general approach on the role of youth in the global context, and therefore, the endeavor and struggle of Myanmar youth for the country would be dealt with in a few paragraphs.
Youth in Myanmar History
Throughout the history of Myanmar,   the liberation movements of the country,   whether that was against the colonial rule or against the oppressive regime, were led by the students and youth of the country.   Thus, the students and youth of Myanmar played a dynamic and decisive role of the country, shaping the nation’s destiny.
They enjoy a dignified status which the people entrusted for their fight against injustice, oppression and repression.
Youth on this planet
For many years, the power of youth is a recognized force in the world today. The youth are filled with tremendous energy and towering ambition. They can be utilized for good purpose as well as destructive force by any nation.
During the eighties, the youth power made itself prominent in many socialist countries of Europe and in China.
During the Tianmen Square upheaval in Beijing, China witnessed a powerful demonstration. The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, commonly known as the June Fourth Incident or 1989 Democracy Movement in Chinese, were student-led popular demonstrations in Beijing. It happened in the first half of 1989 and received broad support from city residents, exposing deep splits within China’s political leadership.
The protests were forcibly suppressed by hardliner leaders who ordered the military to enforce martial law in the country’s capital. The crackdown that initiated on 3 and 4 June  became known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre or the June 4 Massacre as troops with assault rifles and tanks inflicted casualties on unarmed civilians trying to block the military’s advance towards Tiananmen Square in the heart of Beijing.
In the protest, the students and other demonstrators had occupied for seven weeks. The number of civilian deaths has been estimated at anywhere between hundreds and thousands. The Chinese government condemned the protests as a counter-revolutionary riot, and has largely prohibited discussion and remembrance of the events.
Thousands of Chinese youth sacrificed their lives in order to bring democracy in that autocratic State.
On this planet wherever there are riots in any country, political forces use the youth power to promote their interest and divert the situation.
During the riots against Mandal Commission in India, thousands of college students agitated in the streets of cities. Many of them committed self-immolation.
The Mandal Commission was established in India in 1979 by the Janata Party government under Prime Minister Morarji Desai with a mandate to “identify the socially or educationally backward.” It was headed by Indian parliamentarian B.P. Mandal to consider the question of seat reservations and quotas for people to redress caste discrimination. The criterion was used eleven social, economic, and educational indicators to determine backwardness.
In 1980, the commission’s report affirmed the affirmative action practice under Indian law whereby members of lower castes known as Other Backward Classes (OBC), Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST)) were given exclusive access to a certain portion of government Jobs and slots in public universities, and recommended changes to these quotas, increasing them by 27% to 50%.
Mobilization on caste lines had followed the political empowerment of ordinary citizens by the constitution of free India that allowed common people to politically assert themselves through the right to vote.
India is a large country with a population of (1.252) billion. More than 50% of India’s current population is below the age of 25 and over 65% below the age of 35.
The students, employees, workers, farmers and persons from various professions – – including the unemployed educated – – are the citizens. They really matters in all walks of life and disciplines of the nation’s life and nation building.
Defining Youth
Youth is the time of life when one is young, but often means the time between childhood and adulthood or maturity. It is also defined as “the appearance, freshness, vigor, spirit, etc., characteristic of one who is young”. Its definitions of a specific age range varies, as youth is not defined chronologically as a stage that can be tied to specific age ranges; nor can its end point be linked to specific activities, such as taking unpaid work.
First of all, we have that the “Youth” are the period between childhood and adulthood.
Secondly, the “Nation” is a country considered as a group of people living in a certain territory under one Government.
Thirdly, we also have to know the meaning of “Building” which does not necessarily means masonry construction.  Instead, it means the development of the nation, the future of each country.
The vision of a country lies in the hands of the youth. They are filled with tremendous and towering ambitions. It will be a great wastage of human resources if these youths are not given an opportunity to exercise their talent. All the nations need these youths in order for the soil to become a brighter one.
The primary role of young people is to get a good education in order to become better citizens of tomorrow. They need to learn skills to do the job that their country’s economy needs. They also need to know how to read, write, think, understand, analyze, and discuss the issues their country faces.
The entire success of the nation depends on the youth.
However, in order for continuous success to take place; it is the Government’s responsibility to provide the youth with proper facilities for development and getting equipped with the knowledge of the modern era.
Youth is the spring of life. It is the age of discovery and dreams. They have the power to transform the nation into a better place. They also have the ability to lead their fellow citizens into the right direction.
Youths are fighters
They fight for an identity in society, equality, the homeless, bullying, unemployment, exploitation, poverty and other problems which the world faces today.
All of them hopes for a world full of opportunities, so great minds can conquer them and become better individuals. They need good morals and values to handle conflicts in a positive way.
The nation has aspiring doctors, entrepreneurs, scientists, and who knows; maybe the next good leaders of the country.
Illiteracy is a major problem around the world
Illiteracy threatens over 785 million adults worldwide, translating into one in every five people on the planet, with either no or just basic reading skills.
About large portion of people who reside in villages across the world are illiterate. The reason is their utter ignorance and lack of initiative of the governments to lead them in the right direction. Someone has to pull them up.
In this regard, the young people can be of immense help.
The role of the youth is the most important in today’s time. They have never ever underplayed themselves in the field of the politics. Youth are strong forces in social movements.
Youths are problem solvers. All nations need them to resolve most of the problems.
Many nations are facing a lot of problems, and that the youths are capable of solving them. They just need to be given a chance to prove themselves. Youths have the power to unite individuals in the various ethnic groups and nationalities.
Racism is an ongoing issue around the world. Individuals are fighting against each other because of the complexion of their skin and the texture of their hair.
Religion is another issue, the youths can convince their fellowmen to live in peace, harmony and love.
All of us are one and we should not allow these little differences to push us away from each other.
There are also a lot of crimes taking place. Women are being killed by their abusive and violent husbands. Person’s homes, businesses, are being broken into. All of this crime and violence needs to stop. The youth once more has the ability to bring about a change in their country.
Youths seems to have the ability to face any challenges and problems. They have a positive influence on their fellow young people. They are able to persuade and teach them the positive things in life.
Regrettably, some young ones are destroying their own future; however, they tend to listen to their peers and fellow youths. They will make them understand the importance of a good education.
The wise youth that we have out there should be taken into consideration. Some of them, though educated are unemployed. They should be given an opportunity to expose their intelligence to the world and make themselves into someone.
Some organizations, corporate and other firm should assist the youths; so they can make the nation great and better one. They will make a huge difference in society and the entire world.
The youths are the life of a nation. They will make the country proud. The country will be recognized. The youths just need the support from their fellow citizens and they will perform their duties.
One can say that the role of the youth in the nation building is crucial. They are problem solvers, have a positive influence on other young people and the nation, and are extremely ambitious. They have the ability to create an identity for themselves and move the nation forward. However, they will not be able to do this without the support of their Governments and fellow youths. So the youths can make their beautiful land flourish and shine in success.
Unfortunately, a large number of these are without proper guidelines about their futures. It is dangerous to allow then to remain idle as it would increase their frustration which would result in chaos and disturbances.
It is a great national wastage of human resources if these strong hands are not allowed some suitable jobs. No country can afford such wastage. They should be directed appropriately to engage in some constructive tasks. This manpower can do wonders provided it potential is tapped for the developmental projects of the nation.
Let there be no doubt about the strength, power and capabilities of youth all over the world. They were instrumental in pulling down or dethroning the rulers; namely – – the Czars of Russia; Sukarno of Indonesia; Hitler of Germany; Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi of Iran; and may more.
On 20 August 1968, the Soviet Union led Warsaw Pact troops in an invasion of Czechoslovakia to crack down on reformist trends in Prague. The massive youth movement in Czechoslovakia succeeded against the military invasion of their country. The recent histories of Kampuchea, Korea, Cuba, and France provide evidences of their invincible might.
First of all, the youth should be made to understand a specific project and its importance to the society and also the part they could play in for making it to success. Given a suitable direction, they are sure to work hard to fulfill the task.
There can be a large number of schemes, projects and programs where the youth could involve bringing quicker and better results. Dynamic young men can play a pivotal role in the socio-economic reconstruction of the society.
There may be schemes connected in raising the levels of production in the agricultural sector. The youth may be assigned the job of dissemination of scientific knowledge for better farming, new techniques and proper usage of fertilizers and pesticides.
In another sector, the youth should be encouraged in the adult education. Community colleges should be created in less developing countries so that the working youth could elevated their work related skills and better knowledge.
It may be advisable that the youth must be trained in vocational streams. They should be allowed to develop in scientific research. Education should be made job oriented.
Involvement of the youth in the community development program would cost lesser in terms of money. The young people may be inspired and encouraged to participate in community development tasks or other suitable units of operation that leads all round development of the society.
The present trend of the society, especially in the less developing world, has already created havoc across the globe. The youth have gone berserk owing to invasions of shoddy satellite televisions, unethical Internet shows and motley assortment of computer games. PC games, also known as computer games or personal computer games on personal phones are a waste of time and money for the youth. It is driving the youth crazy on non-productive activity.
Due to various reasons, some youth are unscrupulous, corrupted, dirty and rotten by alcohol and narcotic tendencies. Youth are copying anything and everything in the dishonest and unfair movie series that are unethical and immoral, including the showing of the body and flesh through the designers’ fashion as sex crazy youth.
HIV / AIDS are on the rise on the globe, unless this dangerous disease is effectively checked. Heroin and narcotic pills are available at every street corner and all dens of villages. It is spreading like wild fire.
Further neglect in this danger zone of narcotic field would push our society in serious trouble. It is high time for the leaders of the developing world to inject a fresh vigor in our youth, arouse their confidence and develop a sense of honor, an appreciation for their cultural heritage. It is very important to uplift patriotic fervor.
Only then, the nations in the less developing world would be able to construct a healthy and strong nation in the region.
The writer of this article would highly appreciate if the esteemed and valued readers of the Global New Light of Myanmar accept the simple notion that the role of youth is vital to building a nation.


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