August 19, 2016

Learning some buzzwords, collocations and Yiddish words in English

English, being a living language, the lexical innovation has been made for many areas of life such as technology, social media, politics, business and economy. In other words, new vocabulary or coinages or expressions can be found in everyday English. These words are called buzzwords and we often hear, listen and read them. Such wonderful and novel words are used in different fields and subjects accordingly. Some of the buzzwords are created in the forms of blend words, portmanteau and hyphenated words. The buzzwords are classified into eight parts of speech in English. For example, OMG ( Interjection )_ An abbreviation of OH MY GOD : used to show surprise or excitement about something especially in text messages, e-mails and social networking websites. Another example goes to  m-learning ( Noun ) which is composed as a hyphenated word _ learning methods and materials that involve the use of mobile phones or handheld computers.
The following is a collection of some buzzwords used in English newspapers or journals around the world.
Toxic ( Adj ); used to describe a loan or other financial agreement which causes very serious business problems for a bank or financial organization. Meh (Interjection); used for showing that you do not care what happens or that you are not particularly interested in something. Citizen Journalism ( Noun );The gathering and reporting of news by ordinary people rather than professional reporters. Tweetup ( Noun );a meeting of two or more people who know each other through the Twitter short messaging service. Generation Y or Gen Y (Noun) the generation of people born from the late seventies to the mid-nineties. Digital native ( Noun ); a person who has grown up in a world with digital technology such as the internet and mobile phones. Digital immigrant (Noun ); an antonym of Digital native. Staycation (Noun); a holiday in which you stay at home and visit places near to where you live. defriend ( Verb ); to remove someone from your list of friends on a social networking websites. Hacktivist ( Noun ) ; a person who changes or manipulates information on the internet in order to convey a political message. green ( Verb) ; to make something more environmentally friendly. greenwash (Verb) ; to try to convince people that you are doing something which is good for the environment by being involved in small, environmentally friendly initiatives, especially as a way of hiding your involvement in activities which are damaging to the environment. carbon neutral ( adjective); adopting measures to prevent polluting the atmosphere with carbon emissions. Freemium ( Adjective);  used to describe a business model in which the basic product is free, but customers pay for extra features. biomimicry ( Noun );the study of systems and substances used in nature in order to find solutions to other human and technical problems. m-commerce (Noun ); commerce carried out over mobile devices. Smarketing (Noun ); Smarketing is the process of integrating sales and marketing process of a business to unify the company goals and provide consistent messaging for your brand. H2H: Instead of business to consumer (B2C) and business to business (B2B), brands will start throwing around H2H, which stands for human to human.  Goal Digger (Noun); A goal digger is defined as an employee who pursues and successfully achieves company goals creatively, opportunistically, tirelessly, and, most important, legall. Momtrepreneur ( Noun ) : A woman who has children and [a] family [and runs] a business at the same time. Wantrepreneur (Noun ); an individual who has the desire to be an entrepreneur.
Yiddish Words ( Yiddish is a Jewish language, originally used in central and eastern  Europe, based on a form of German with words from Hebrew and several modern languages ; Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary )
Many Yiddish words found in English came from Southern Yiddish dialects.
Or glitsh. Literally “slip,” “skate,” or “nosedive,” which was the origin of the common   American usage as “a minor problem or error.”
A non-Jew, a Gentile. As in Hebrew, one Gentile is a goy, many Gentiles are goyim, the non-Jewish world in general is “the goyim.” Goyish is the adjective form. Putting mayonnaise on a pastrami sandwich is goyish. Putting mayonnaise on a pastrami sandwich on white bread is even more goyish.
Something that’s acceptable to Orthodox Jews, especially food. Other Jews may also “eat kosher” on some level but are not required to. Food that Orthodox Jews don’t eat – pork, shellfish, etc. – is called traif. An observant Jew might add, “Both pork and shellfish are doubtlessly very tasty. I simply am restricted from eating it.” In English, when you hear something that seems suspicious or shady, you might say, “That doesn’t sound kosher.”
Pronounced meyven. An expert, often used sarcastically.
Or nash. To nibble; a light snack, but you won’t be light if you don’t stop noshing. Can also describe plagarism, though not always in a bad sense; you know, picking up little pieces for yourself.
It means “deep peace,” and isn’t that a more meaningful greeting than “Hi, how are ya?”
To drag, traditionally something you don’t really need; to carry unwillingly. When people “shlep around,” they are dragging themselves, perhaps slouchingly. On vacation, when I’m the one who ends up carrying the heavy suitcase I begged my wife to leave at home, I shlep it.
Cheap, shoddy, or inferior, as in, “I don’t know why I bought this schlocky souvenir.”
Chat, make small talk, converse about nothing in particular. But at Hollywood parties, guests often schmooze with people they want to impress.
Often used as an insulting word for a self-made fool, but you shouldn’t use it in polite company at all, since it refers to male anatomy.
Different  sets  of Collocations
Collocations with say, speak, talk and tell
Say no.., Needless to say.., say a word.., Strictly speaking.., Generally speaking.., talking nonsense.., talk business.., talking a lot of sense.., tell a secret..,tell fortune
Collocations of communications ( Verb + Noun )
Impart knowledge, pronounce dead, divulge sources, notify the police, profess ignorance and disseminate information
Collocations with phrasal verbs
file for divorce ( make an official request for a divorce), take up office ( start work in an official position ), come down heavily on ( punish very strongly ), abide by the decision ( accept the decision ) dip into savings/ funds ( spend part of some money which was being saved), see off an intruder/ opponent(get rid of /defeat), burst into laughter/ tears (suddenly start to laugh/cry )
Collocations used in preparing for a research assignment at a university
Working hypothesis ( a theory which can be used provisionally but may change), support the hypothesis ( not prove the hypothesis ),undertaking a study( carrying out ,in-depth critique (examination and judgment of something, done carefully and in great detail, research ethics ( a system of standards which controls how research is done, provide a rationale (give reason )
Collocations of talking (Adjective +Noun)
Bad/strong/foul language (swearwords, taboo language; foul suggests much stronger disapproval than bad or strong ), four-letter words ( swear words, taboo words ( many of which have four letters in English ), opening gambit ( a remark made in order to start a conversation ), a rash promise ( a promise made without thinking ), an empty promise ( a promise made which the speaker has no intention of keeping ), a tough question ( a difficult question to answer ), juicy gossip ( interesting because it is shocking or personal )
Collocations which are useful for talking about time
Over the course of time (as time passes ), go down in history (be remembered) golden age / golden era (period of time when a particular art, business, etc. was very successful), preserved for posterity (kept for people in the future ), bygone era ( a time in the distant past; literary ), dim and distant memory ( remembered slightly, but not very well ), not-so-distant future ( not the immediate future but relatively near).
Collocations with causes, effects, reasons and consequences root cause ( origin ), primary cause ( main cause ), a knock-on effect ( an indirect result ), ill-effects ( negative results ),wreak havoc ( cause a lot of damage to something ), provoke an outcry, ( cause a lot of public anger), drive crazy ( make angry and upset),compelling reason ( very powerful reason ), dire consequences ( very serious consequences )
Collocations describing about the efforts made
A determined effort ( a very serious and thorough effort ), a concerted effort (usually make several people working together ), a joint effort ( done by two or more people ), a team effort ( done by a group of people ), a valiant effort ( a brave effort in the face of great difficulty ), strenuous effort ( attempt requiring a lot of efforts and energy), an uphill struggle ( a lot of efforts with no certainty of success ), a hard slog ( hard work ) etc.
Those who use English as a tool for their professions or communicating with native speakers around the world need to learn new English vocabulary all the time. This practice is a module for building up a fluency in written and spoken English. To be able to acquire proficiency in English, the learners should expand language exposure as much as they can.


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