September 23, 2017

Education, love and nurturing essential for children

Children are very delicate, both physically and mentally. They need the care of parents and teachers before they become adults. To ensure their development, they should be nurtured with kindness and love.
A school season is about to end for all children, with many having already completed the academic year. The hot sun is waiting them from outside. Many children from rural areas will not spend their summer holidays playing, but instead will be helping their parents complete the summer harvest. The sun is too hot for these delicate children. Income from these crops would be a source of financial support for their next year of school, but some of their parents, unfortunately, will not ensure that the children return to the classroom next year.
Most families in Myanmar value education and parents generally understand that a lack of education will almost certainly guarantee their children hardship. Nevertheless, low enrolment, poor attendance and high dropout rates are still prevalent in the country. Successive governments have tried to reduce the dropout rate by providing school supplies and textbooks, as well as not charging enrolment fees.
Official statistics between 2006 and 2011 showed the primary school dropout rate in rural areas was 13.90 percent compared to 1.90 percent in urban areas. Despite officially free primary education, many families in poor or remote areas cannot afford additional exercise books and stationery, uniforms, other unexpected fees and pocket money for their children for schooling.
Poverty, poor schooling opportunities and lack of long-term job prospects are pushing children in some areas to leave school even at primary level and risk their wellbeing by becoming child labourers.
The vast majority of child labour is found in rural settings and the informal urban economy, where children are employed by their parents, rather than in factories.
According to the International Labour Organization, the number of child labourers globally has declined by more than one third since 2000, while more than half of those engaged in child labour perform hazardous work.
Children working away from their families will yearn for the bosom of their mother if they have the opportunity to dream of their home at night.

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