August 19, 2016

Constitutions guarantee fundamental rights

There is no country in the world that does not have a constitution, which governs both the government and the people. The constitution enshrines in it important rules which have legal binding not only upon the government but also upon the people. All the constitutions prescribe rules regarding the conduct of the government, its duties and responsibilities, the relation between the government and the people and the rights and responsibilities of the people. And what is more, the constitutions establish order in the societies, render the government accountable and the people be aware of why the governments exist for the people.
In this regard, it is worth noting that constitutions normally encourage and strengthen democracy by granting freedoms to people and enabling them to participate in the government. Nevertheless, the ruling regimes promulgate constitutions which serve their interests rather than those of the people.
The fundamental rights are usually guaranteed to the individuals by the constitutions. Generally, there are six basic rights in almost all constitutions. They are: the right to equality; the right to freedom; the right against exploitation; the right to profess any religious faith; the cultural and educational rights; and the right to constitutional remedies.
Again, the rights fall under two categories – the moral rights and the legal rights with the former based upon the sense of morality and conscience whereas the latter are those privileges, which are recognized and enforced by the state. If one violates the
legal rights, his violation will lead to punishment by the state. And these legal
rights can be further divided into civil rights and political rights, with the former
being privileges essential to a free, civilized and decent
civil life while the latter enabling a citizen to participate in the affairs pertinent to management and control of the government. It should be noted that there are certain rights like the freedom of speech and the right to freedom of association which come under both civil and political rights.


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