August 19, 2016


The Earth’s “green effects” is what make this planet suitable for life as we know it. The Earth’s atmosphere contains gases, some of which absorb heat These gases [water-vapor, carbon-dioxide, methane, ozone and nitrous–oxide] are known as greenhouse gases, which are the essential elements that give life to all living things.
Life on Earth is possible because of the warmth of the Sun, as some of the incoming solar radiations bounce back into space, a small portion of it is trapped by the gases that made up our atmosphere. Without this layer of insulation, the Earth would simply be another big rock sailing through space. Carbon-dioxide [CO2] is the most important gas in this layer of insulation. Carbon is stored all over the planet; in plants, soil, the oceans and even us. We released it into the atmosphere as carbon-dioxide through physical activities, other actions such as burning of fossil-fuels [coal, oil and gas] and cutting down of trees used as firewood would make the atmosphere of today to contain 42 percent more carbon-dioxide than it did before the industrial era.
We have released so much carbon-dioxide and other greenhouse gases, that our planet’s atmosphere is now like a thick heat trapping blanket disrupting the atmospheric balance that keeps the climate stable, instead we are seeing extreme effects around the world, like a thermostat in a disorder manner, turning climate change with extreme weather events more often.
We may need first of all to understand the difference between global warming and climate change –global warming is referred to the Earth’s rising surface temperature while climate change include warming and the “side effects” of warming – like melting of glaciers, heavier rainstorms and more frequent droughts, in another way, global warming is one symptom of much larger problem of human-caused climate change.
The greenhouse effects that trapping the Sun’s warm in the planet’s lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the Earth’s atmosphere such as carbon –dioxide do what the roof of the greenhouse does. During the day, the sun shines through the atmosphere on Earth’s surface warm up in the sunlight. At night the Earth’s surface cooling releasing the heat back into the air. But some of heat is trapped by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. That’s what keep our Earth a warm and cozy 59 degree Fahrenheit on average.
Earth’s climate is mostly influenced by the first 6-miles or so of the atmosphere, which contains most of the elements that made up the atmosphere. This is really a very thin layer if you look about it . In his book “The End of Nature”, author Bill McKibln tells of the walking of three miles from his cabin in Adirondacks to buy food from the market, there he realized on that short journey, he has traveled a distance that equal to the layer of the atmosphere. In fact if you were to view from space, the principle sections of the atmosphere would only be about as thick as the skin of an onion. Realizing this make it more plausible to support that human beings with their heavy polluted emissions daily resulting a climate change that making this thin layer of atmosphere become warmer day by day finally.
Although some of the climatologists have high hope for the “pause” or the “ hiatus” with regard to slow down of global warming, —like the Green activists have preached the Earth’s temperature would continue to rise steadily for most of 1990s, the model prediction appeared to be plausible, but global temperature has slowed considerably since 1998, despite steadily rising levels of carbon-dioxide emissions. The International Energy Agency predicts that as for the world, a robust three-fourths of primary energy consumption will come from fossil fuels in 2040, this would promote more global warming by polluted  emissions. Many alarmists in the previous decades have predicted doomsday for the humankind; like the “population explosion bomb” in 1960s “the running out of natural resources” in 1 970s and the genetically modified food scare were examples of exaggerated sciences. So that the climate alarmists and the different scientists proclaiming their scientific findings leading to world calamity of destruction and end of mankind. The 196 countries under the United  Nations  could not possibly come up with a unity of thought for resolving their differences  between greater and smaller carbon-dioxide emissions, resulting in chaos, thus like  “a bull in a China shop” creating a nosy commotion and disturbance without a concrete solution.
We need to know about what is going to happen in Paris Climate Summit. The governments of more than 190 countries will gather in Paris to discuss a possible new global agreement on climate change aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change. Climate change goes back much further.  In the 19th  century physicists theorized about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon-dioxide in the atmosphere and many people have suggested that warming effects would increase alongside the levels of these gases in atmosphere, so the rising greenhouse emission from our use of fossil fuels and emissions from  our industries leading to higher temperature. During the period after 1995, global temperature has risen at a slower pace than they did in the previous 30 years that too, has been sized upon by the skeptics as evidence that global warming has “paused”. Hasn’t global warming stopped? No, global temperature has been in a clean upward trend, after which, temperature will be lower but still warmer than previous decades that let some of the climate skeptics to claim that the world was cooling down.
While the US, the world biggest emitter stays outside of the climate conference under the United Nations, It was clear that a new approach has needed that should bring the US in and encouraged the major developing economies especially China now the world biggest emitter to take a limits to their carbon-dioxide emissions. The Copenhagen Conference 2009 has been encouraging the world developed countries and the biggest developing countries to agree for the first time to limit on their greenhouse gas emissions. It meant that the world biggest emitters were united toward a single goal. In the UNFCCC, it has never met the objectives by its members, because the US and many of its member countries have not ratified their commitments under the Kyoto Protocol.
So to what is likely to be agreed in Paris. As some European countries will cut their emissions by 40% compared with 1970 levels by 2930, the US will cut its emissions by 26% to 28% compared with 2005 level by 2025. China will agree that its emissions will peak by 2030. If the commitments from the countries are being guaranteed by themselves, —  Does that means the Paris agreement will be settled? What about the other key questions  of financial matters, poorer countries  want the rich world to provide  them with financial helps that  enable them to invest in clean technology so as to cut their greenhouse emissions.
It looks like there will be no further need for negotiations in October before the Paris Meeting. It seems look well that all countries will have  a profound efforts in whether they can meet climate change commitment targets and allow poorer countries to lifting their citizens of poverty while at time not to pass the problematic climate threshold at all. If all matters can be met and agreed at last to achieve equitable goals on climate change  and economic  development and that all will  do so in a spirit of cooperation in seeking great achievement for mankind. Hope is likely to be seen as a vision in the far away horizon.
However, the French President had said on this matter, like hoping for a “Miracle”.


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