Khin Maung Oo
The global population is increasing tremendously year after year. Accordingly, each country is required to solve potential challenges with the increasing population collectively. Myanmar’s national development was also found to have been out of proportion with population increase. Thus, sharing knowledge on family planning is being carried out across the nation. According to the 2014 Census, Myanmar’s population is expected to reach 53.4 million in 2017. Among them, females in their puberty within the age group of 15 to 49 will amount to nearly 15 million, it was said. But, all of the 15 million are not going to become mothers, so it can be said that the country’s birth rate is not high.
In the neighboring countries in the West of the Region, births are high. Compared to countries with low birth rates in the Region, Myanmar’s birth rate was said to have been moderate. On the average, female individuals in Myanmar have 2.5 birth rates each, with birth rate in Yangon Region being less than two and in Chin State reaching Five.
Low birth rate may lessen the growth of human resources in the future. On the other hand, high birth rates may increase poverty. Therefore, we need to adjust the birth rates so that we can avoid the two extremes. In the regions with high birth rate, family planning is required to be implemented whereas in the regions with low birth rate educative sharing of knowledge must be essentially carried out so as to get the necessary amounts of babies.
Once in the past, Myanmar families used to have children under their careful plans, having 5 family members at least in a family. As a result, we have had enough family members, managing to set up a peaceful and happy family.
Few family members can reduce the burden for the time being, but we should note that we would find it difficult to retain our lineage when it comes to facing unexpected loss of lives or failure to survive as per our normal human life-span. Besides, inter-dependency between parents and children will be out of alignment, causing loss of support and help among family members in a family.
Presently, the birth rate in Myanmar families is falling down. The causes for falling birth rates include abortion and miscarriage. This should be taken into consideration carefully for future generation. The growth of human resources in the future depends upon our care to undertake proper family planning, due to economic difficulties and new patterns of social life.
To sum it up, in Myanmar, the growth of human resources can be said to be moderate, so we should carry out family planning proportionately for future development.