September 30, 2016

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An important episode of life

In most societies, marriage is a significant social and economic episode. In fact, marrying is commencement of young person’s departure from their household even though co-dependency between generations. Marriage embodies not only the union of the two people from the two different families possibly with different social, cultural and religious backgrounds but also the unification of two families.
It is worth mentioning here in this juncture that marriage is considered to be part of demographic analyses, for it incorporates the study of a feature of a population, which has a relationship with both the size and distribution of that population. In the study of marriage, focus is mostly laid upon the first marriage, for its impacts upon fertility and the growth of population bears public policy implication (Savitridira, 1997).
As for the young people, first marriage counts the most, for it is the start of a transition from adolescence to adulthood in their life cycle. This being so, understanding of the timing of the first marriage is significant to enter a period of transition from adolescence to adulthood.
In those days, the age at first marriage of women and the proportion of women single in the developed nations were usually higher than that of the developing. It was assumed that early and universal marriage contributed towards a high rate of fertility in Asia. In fact, early and universal marriage, particularly among women, was the most common pattern of most Asian nations until 1970 (Minh, 1997).
Nevertheless, most developing countries these days are witnessing a transition from universal and early marriage to later age of marriage and less universal marriage. A major characteristic of this process is the reduction of proportion of marriage at younger ages and permanent celibacy with result that people marry late.
This transition of marriage pattern has impacts upon many things particular upon the fertility rate. Delayed marriage plays an important role in the declining fertility by shortening the reproductive life span of a woman. And the decline in fertility will adversely effect the family size and a country’s population growth rate.
Such being the case, it is necessary for the government to reconsider the population policy in order that the human capital is not depleted and the replacement level is not reached.


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