July 05, 2017

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All-round Developments of Renovations and Constructions of Religious Edifices and Implementations of Religious matters and affairs throughout the Republic of Union of Myanmar

Ba Sein (Religious Affairs)

According to the present statistical census of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the present populations of the entire nation are over 55millions. Over 85 per cent of population takes faith in Theravada Buddhism.
Buddhism
It is known that the Republic of the Union of Myanmar has been a predominant Theravada Buddhist Nation in the world throughout age since years ago. Consequently, the members of the Sangha, the entire multifarious Buddhist people and the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, hand in hand, are striving to carry out the noble tasks of all-round developments of renovations and new constructions of religious buildings and implementations of religions matters and affairs leading to the purification, perpetuation and promotion of the Buddha Sasana throughout the country. We all Buddhists know that such all-round developments of renovations and new constructions of religious edifices have been done since the time of the State Peace and Development Council of the Union of Myanmar. We all Buddhists, from generation to generation, throughout the Republic of the Union of Myanmar will never forget such noble kinds of these historic events in the history of Buddhism of Myanmar.
During the period of the Government of the State Peace and Development Council of the Union of Myanmar, the noble tasks and historic noble events leading to the purification, propagation and promotion of the Buddha Sasana were successfully carried out. And now, the new Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is carrying out these noble tasks in continuation.
In order to confer more religious titles on the eminent members of Sangha for their outstanding activities and contributions to promotion and propagation of the Buddha Sasana (teachings of the Buddha) at home and abroad the law for presentation of religious titles was enacted in 1991 as Law No. 41/91 of the State Peace and Development Council of the Union of Myanmar. According to the.Law for presentation of religious titles, more religious titles have been presented to the eminent members of Sangha at home and abroad since then. It is learnt that members of Sangha from foreign countries have not been presented religious titles since 1962.
With a view of strengthening the friendly and religious relations between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and to promote and propagate the Buddha Sasana (teachings of the Buddha) all over the world, the Sacred Tooth Relic of the Buddha from the People’s Republic of China was conveyed to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in 1955, 1994, 1996 and 2011 respectively for being paid homage here. While the Sacred Tooth Relic of the Buddha from the People’s Republic of China was being paid homage and the other two Sacred Replica-Tooth Relics were also paid homage at the same time.
According to the strong wishes of the members of the Sangha, the pious Buddhist people and the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar under the guidance of the State Sanghamahanayaka Committee of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the other two Sacred Replica-Tooth Relics were enshrined each in the two Buddha Tooth Relic Pagodas, one in Yangon and another in Mandalay. The Buddha Tooth Relic Pagoda (Yangon) was completed in November 1996 and the Buddha Tooth Relic Pagoda (Mandalay) in December 1996 respectively. These two Pagodas will stand forever as significant symbol of everlasting friendship and relationship between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, and also will be a sacred place of Buddhist people throughout the world.
The everlasting noble tasks for hoisting the grand new golden umbrella (Htitaw) of the most famous Shwedagon Pagoda and all-round developments of renovations and restorations of the sacred stairways and gateways of the Pagoda were successfully carried out by generous donations and supporting of the government and the pious multifarious Buddhist people throughout the country.
And also, some parts and edifices of Sule and Botahtaung Pagodas in Yangon have been renovated and restored by generous donations of the Buddhist people.
And also, most ancient pagodas in Bagan (the famous ancient city of the nation)are being renovated and restored in original style by generous pious Buddhist people under the aegis of the Government. Renovations and restorations of most ancient pagodas in Bagan have been completed. In addition, renovations and new constructions of many pagodas, temples, monasteries and other religious buildings in States and Regions throughout the country were carried out. Besides, the Lokamanicula Pagoda which was built by the Government of Myanmar in Lumbini Park, the Birthplace of the Buddha, Nepal, was completed in 1995.
In addition, it is further learnt that according to the arrangements of the concerning ministries of the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Buddhist people throughout the nation are allowed to visit the four sacred places of the Inspiring Awareness and Apprehension of the Omniscient Buddha in India and Nepal every year.
Moreover, the immense scared Lokachantha Abhaya Labha Muni Marble Buddha Image was respectfully established by the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in order to be paid homage by internal Buddhist people and international Buddhist communities. The Buddha Image is respectfully located in Insein Township, Yangon Region.
Furthermore, we all Buddhists across the world heartily know that the significant World Buddhist Summit which was attended by both internal and international Buddhist delegates and representatives was successfully held in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar in December 2004. The Summit was earnestly organized and sponsored by the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. This concrete and noble event of successfully holding such significant World Buddhist Summit is the most important milestone in the world Buddhist history.
And now, we all Buddhists throughout the country are very pleased and honored to learn that the Uppatasanti Pagoda of 325 feet in height, the Replica of the most famous Shwedagon Pagoda, has been already built in Nay Pyi Taw, the capital of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
Paying homage to the newly-built Uppatasanti Pagoda, the Replica of the most famous Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, will be like just paying homage to the most famous Shwedagon Pagoda which was built in the lifetime of the Omniscient Pagoda in 103 Great Era (589 BC) over 2555 years ago.
And also, we all Buddhists throughout the Republic of the Union of Myanmar know that the monastic education schools which were faint out and nearly disappeared in our country could have been re-introduced by the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. For higher studies of Buddhism, the two Pariyatti Sasana Universities could be established, one in Yangon and another in Mandalay. And now, young members of the Sangha at home and abroad are attending these two universities for further studies of Buddhism. Besides, an International Theravada Buddhist Missionary University has been established already in Yangon, the second capital of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. This university will be a permanent learning centre for further studies of the genuine  Thravada Buddhism in the Buddhist would.
Such noble tasks of all-round developments of renovations and new constructions of pagodas, temples, monasteries and other various religious buildings throughout the country were successfully carried out in a large scale across the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
Christianity
Over 5 percent of the entire population of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar takes faith in Christianity. There are many Christian churches and worship centers throughout the country. The Christian people have lived peacefully and harmoniously with other national races of different religions in the Republic of Union of Myanmar since years ago. There are four Christian religious organizations mainly recognized by the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, and Christian religious leaders and other Christian personnel are allowed to go abroad to attend their religious meetings, conferences, seminars and trainings. Congratulatory messages of the Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar are sent to the ceremonies of Christian holy days such as Easter Day, Christmas Eve and other festivals. The financial grant is also yearly provided by the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to be able to promote and flourish the Christianity in the country. Various kinds of books, magazines and journals on Christianity are allowed to be published and distributed, and also renovations and constructions of churches and worship centers all over the country are allowed. Some leaders of Christian Religious Organizations are issued traveling free pass in order to tour the whole country to carry out their religious matters and affairs.
Islamism
About 4 percent of the entire population of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar takes faith in Islamism, and many Islamic mosques, worship centers and religious schools are situated throughout the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. Altogether 5 Islamic Religious Organizations are mainly recognized by the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and all these organizations are able freely to perform and carry out their religious affairs in accordance with the existing laws and orders of the country. Many leaders of the Islamic Religious Organizations and other Islamic personnel are occasionally allowed to go abroad to attend their religious meetings, seminars, conferences and trainings. Congratulatory messages of the Ministry of Religious Affairs are sent to the ceremonies of their holy days .and other religious festivals such as the Prophet Mohammed Birthday. Idulfiti day, Iduladwaha day and other significant religious days. Many books, magazines and journals on Islamism are allowed to be published and distributed and financial grant is provided by the Government of the Republic of the UniOn of Myanmar to promote and flourish their religion in the country. The Haj Pilgrims from the Republic of the Union of Myanmar are yearly sent by the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to fulfill their religious duties there in accordance with five pillars of Islamic faith. And also renovations and constructions of mosques and other religious buildings are allowed. Besides, some of leaders of Islamic Religious Organizations are issued traveling free pass to tour the whole country in order to perform and carry out their religious matters and affairs.
Hinduism
Over 0.5 percent of the entire population of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar takes faith in Hinduism, and there are many Hindu temples and worship centers throughout the country. Despite differences among people of different religious of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Hindu people have been living in harmony together with other national people of different religions since years ago. Two Hindu religious organizations are mainly recognized by the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and they are freely carrying out their religious affairs in accordance with the existing laws and orders of the country. The financial grant is yearly provided by the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to the Hindu Religious Organizations to promote and flourish their religion in the country. Besides, books, magazines and journals on Hinduism are allowed to be published and distributed. Congratulatory messages of the Ministry of Religious Affairs are sent to their religious ceremonies such as Depavali day and other festivals. Some of religious leaders of Hindu Religious Organizations are issued traveling free pass to tour throughout the country in order to carry out their religious matters and affairs.
From time immemorial, we all Myanmar nationalities of different religions in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar extending and attaching great importance to each other, have lived through thick and thin regardless of colour, caste and religion.

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