September 27, 2016

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All countries, especially rich ones, should admit refugees

What is frequently missed in formulation of the policies concerning immigration is that the issue of migration is considered to be merely a matter of managing an influx of people. In fact, migration is a matter that requires taking into account social perspective. According to Dr Wander Jager and Rocco Paolillo, a social complexity perspective contributes to a more systematic view of the migration issues.
It is worth noting that 19.5 million people across the world have been forced to seek sanctuary in another nation. Although the governments have a duty to help the refugees, most rich nations are still treating refugees as somebody else’s problem. In this regard, it would not be improper to quote State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi as saying, in her speech to the 71st session of the United Nations General Assembly, that the world is not owned by one country and that nations are sharing the world, suggesting that migrants or refugees should have the right to live in every country if they find it impossible to live in their country. The rich countries, hiding behind closed borders and terrified of being flooded with refugees, have conveniently allowed poorer, chiefly middle eastern, African and south asian countries, to host an incredible 86 per cent of refugees.
And what is more, the rich nations, neglecting most appeals for humanitarian aid, have rendered the United Nations Agencies so broke that they cannot even care for many refugees properly any more. This has to change, now. Amnesty International has set forth eight solutions for how the world’s leaders, particularly the rich nations, can begin to tackle this massive humanitarian crisis together.
To start with, one important solution is the opening up of safe routes to sanctuary for refugees. Secondly, resettlement is a vital solution. Thirdly, states are required to invest in search-and-rescue operations as well as in helping people in distress. And fourthly, whether they travel by land or by sea, people fleeing persecution or wars should be allowed to cross borders both legally and illegally. Pushing people back and putting up massive fences will only compel them to take more dangerous routes to safety. In the fifth place, all nations ought to investigate and prosecute the trafficking gangs. Governments are needed, in the sixth place, to stop blaming refugees and migrants for economic and social problems, and instead fight all kinds of xenophobia and racial discrimination in the seventh place. Last but not least, governments ought to set up strong refugee systems that will allow people to apply for asylum, treat refugee claims fairly, resettle the most vulnerable of all and provide basics like education and health care.
In conclusion, as long as the aforementioned are not easy solutions, they will not cause big problems in the long term, and as long as there is the political will on the part of the governments of the rich nations, the issue of refugees can be solved through solidarity and compassion.


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