By Myo Myint, Mi Mi Phyo, Photo: Aung Thu
A ceremony in commemoration of the accomplishment of the Process of Census, 2014 was held at the MICC-2 in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday morning. Here are interviews with responsible officials, concerning the accomplishment of process on census, 2014 and its benefits.
U Thein Swe
Union Minister for Labour, Immigration and Population
Statistics on ethnics had been compiled, but it still needs to be negotiated. It is necessary to explain to ethnics to be well convinced of it. For the time being, it cannot be publicised as there are still to be done. We tried our best to publicise as soon as possible. Concerning carrying out the tasks of publicising designation, it needs not to disagree with each other. For unnecessary consequences not to happen, all are scrutinising with great care. We are making arrangements for the nationals to be able to accept in unity. It is not sure yet as to whether quantity will increase or decrease. Decision will be made just after negotiations. It may decrease with greater possibility. It is under negotiation to explain to the lower level. Mainly, it is incumbent upon nationals living in the regions to decide. It will be carried out after consulting with the Ministry of Ethnic Affair.
Dr. Khaing Khaing Soe
Director of Department of Population
Process of Census, 2014 came to a close. Dissemination workshop will continue to be made for people, planners and policy makers to apply facts and figures taken from the census. People consider these to be mere figures. In fact, these figures can be used for those from townships, villages and wards to make planning. Educating people to be well convinced of uses and usefulness of these facts will be made. In case, provided that we will get international subsidy, we want to collect data census survey in the Census, 2014. That is because we failed to take census for over 30 years. It is necessary to make data census survey prior to take census 2024. We will make effort to make data census survey, may be in 2019.
Had we known how many people in age groups there are in the country, how many people live in rural and urban areas, how many old people are in the country, how many educated people and unemployed people there are in the country, planning can be drawn up and implemented for needed places.
Dr Zaw Moe Aung
Country Director, the Leprosy Mission Myanmar
Desire to measure disability is the one of the State as well as the whole populace and the persons in question themselves. It is a great challenge as to how to find the solution. The department of social welfare usually asks the four questions with the designated definition. From 2013 on, the method of four questions tried to be applied. They have six questions to be used.
Facts achieved from the census gained success to some extent. Presently, there are disabled persons amounting to 2.3 million. According to the census, 2014, there are 24.8 million males and 26.7 million females, it was learnt.
Compared to the 1983 census, youth literacy increased, but in Shan and Kayin States, youth literacy rate still remained low. It was learnt that there are nearly 0.5 million youths who are illiterate5. Had compulsory primary educated been implemented in Regions and States with large illiteracy rates, youth illiteracy could be reduced.
In Myanmar, acquisition of power is only 32 per cent. There is a great difference between urban and rural areas. As the national development is directly proportional to the availability of the electricity, the acquisition of power in rural areas must be implemented, it was learnt.